Newborn baby, take extra care
The day of conceiving in October is finally over. It once made you think like a baby angel, so soft and tender.
How to make your unique baby healthy and happy to grow up?
These are learning.
The “newborn period” is an adaptation period from the mother’s womb to the outside life. The organ functions of the newborn are mature, the immune function is low, the temperature regulation function is poor, and the infection is easy. Care must be careful, scientific and reasonable.
The experts gave specific guidance from the following aspects.
1.Temperature and light newborns are a little uncomfortable with changes in the external temperature difference. Should the appropriate room temperature be kept at 25 ° C?
At 28 ℃, it is necessary to cool down in summer and keep warm in winter, but it is better to have a heater near you when you are ventilating; and the light in the room should not be too dark or too bright. Some parents think that the newborn is weak and afraid of irritation.Eyes often like to hang heavy curtains. In fact, this is not appropriate. Let your baby learn to adapt in natural indoor light, and avoid direct sunlight.
2.Clothes and diapers. Underwear (including diapers) for newborns should be made of soft and absorbent cotton. It is best not to use chemical fiber or printing and dyeing. The color of clothes should be light, stains can be found, and dyes should not affect the newborn’s skin.The clothes should be as loose as possible, without interfering with the movement of the limbs, and easy to wear and take off; because the newborn’s head is penetrated by heat, a small hat should be worn when the weather is cold or the room is alternated, and it should also be soft and comfortable.
The diapers use soft absorbent cotton wool for frequent washing and changing. Usually, they need to be changed more than 4 times during the day and more than 2 times at night. The buttocks should be cleaned every time they are changed, and an appropriate amount of skin care oil should be applied on the outside.If not wet, choose better quality and good breathability. Use diapers when you are at home, and use “urine not wet” when you go out or sleep. Note that the diapers or urine should not be wrapped too tightly, and the free volume of the limbs will be trampled to death.
3．Sleep and sleeping position Sleeping position affects breathing, and the newborn’s head is relatively soft. A good sleeping position is conducive to the development of the skull.
Suggest a comfortable one with a thickness of 1?
A small pillow of 2 cm with a slight depression in the middle and slightly raised ends.
The best sleeping position is lying on the back or on the side, which compresses the chest and lungs. It is recommended to take more sleep on side after supplementation to avoid choking caused by milk overflow or coughing. When taking the supine position, change the position as appropriate;Due to the reduced activity, you can take a prone position in the first few days of birth to facilitate the discharge of respiratory secretions to prevent the vomit from flowing down the intake pipe.
Newborns usually sleep 18 a day?
20 hours, but the baby under the full moon should not sleep for a long time, parents should be every 2?
Wake up once every 3 hours for easy ride.
4．Breastfeeding and pregnant newborns can enter a wide range of disciplines.
Experts’ opinion is that breast milk can be as early as possible after birth, usually about half an hour after birth.
If the mother does not secrete milk for the time being, it is also necessary to let the newborn absorb the nipple as much as possible to promote milk secretion and increase the feelings of the mother and baby, which is conducive to the healing of the postpartum wound caused by the mother.
Breastfeeding should adopt the “vertical holding position”, that is, the head is slightly raised, which is the most ideal and most natural way of feeding.
In this position, the newborn and the parents are facing each other, and the intimacy should be increased. Before breastfeeding, wash your hands and replace the nipples. The mother should wear a mask when treating respiratory diseases, such as the skin on the breast.If there is a rupture or inflammation, you should consult your doctor to decide whether to continue breastfeeding according to the specific situation.
When breastfeeding, it is best to breastfeed on one side and then replace the other breast to prevent the residual milk from accumulating in the breast. If one side of the breast is fed once, it is best to squeeze it out.To promote the normal lactation of the breast and avoid milk stasis or secondary infection.
Artificial feeding should not try to directly feed fresh milk, because the protein and other nutrients contained in it are not suitable for newborns; mixed feeding (combination of breast milk replacement and milk substitutes) should be based on breast milk replacement.
The size of the nipple hole during artificial feeding should be moderate and pay attention to the temperature. When the nipple is feeding, try not to let the baby inhale air to avoid vomiting. After feeding, you can pat the baby’s belly to avoid gas accumulation.
In addition, the bottles and pacifiers must be boiled and sterilized strictly.
It is enough not to pay too much attention to timing. Generally, it is fed once every 3 hours, and the principle of eating and eating is good every time: that is, the baby does not cry and noisy after feeding, and the weight increases normally.
： Hot summer, can wash 1?
2 baths; spring, autumn or cold winter, due to the lowering of the ambient temperature, such as the family conditions to keep the room temperature at 26 ℃?
28 ℃, water temperature is 38 ℃?
Between 50 ° C, the supplemental bath or soap should be a special soap for infants with little skin irritation.
You can also take a shower once a day. If you can’t guarantee the room, you can wash it 1 weekly?
2 baths or scrubbing with warm water, armpits, groin and other skin creases. After each bowel movement, scrub the chest and perineum with warm water to ensure that the newborn is comfortable and clean.
The time of each bath is scheduled before breastfeeding?
2 hours to avoid vomiting.
Bathe in the order of upper body first, lower body first, upper limbs then lower limbs, and then wash head and neck, arm sockets, palms, elbows, chest, abdomen, and finally groin, thigh and arm socket creases, feet, etc.
After washing, use the left forearm to support the newborn’s chest, hold the right chest of the newborn with the palm of the hand and fix it in a forward leaning posture, and then wash and hang down and the hips and buttocks.
After washing all, turn to the supine position, hold your head for the left hand for the time being, hold your ankle with your right hand to get out of the water, put it on a large dry towel blanket prepared in advance, wrap it and gently dry it, pay attention to the skinThe wrinkled area should be lightly dried.
6.The facial features care should pay attention to the cleanliness of the newborn’s face and external ear canal mouth, nostrils, etc., but do not dig the external ear canal and nasal cavity.
Because the oral mucosa is delicate, the blood vessels are abundant, and it is easy to be scratched to cause infection. Therefore, do not scrub the mouth often.
There are sometimes small yellow and white spots on the edge of the newborn’s teeth called epithelial beads (commonly known as “horse teeth”). This is a normal physiological phenomenon. It will disappear on its own within a few weeks after birth.Use needles, especially dirty needles, to prevent bacteria from entering the body from here and causing sepsis.
Eyes: Keep the eyes clean. If there are many secretions in the eyes, wipe them with warm water or normal saline, and then drop eye drops.
Mouth: Do not wipe or pick with a cloth to avoid infection.
In some areas, the old custom of rinsing mouth with cyan cloth dipped in rice water may be resolutely unnecessary. Care should be taken not to clean the newborn’s skin and mouth with unclean things.
If the white mucosa of the oral mucosa is not easy to wipe off, it may be “thrush” caused by fracture infection, and you should go to the hospital for treatment.
7.After the stool is observed for 24 hours, if the urine is not untied, the person should be fed warm water and wash the feet with warm water to promote urination.
Most normal newborns begin to have bowel movements within 12 hours of birth. Newborns born 1?
The 2-hour stool is generally black-green, and it will gradually become yellow, soft, and sticky in the future. The stool is more viscous in nature and has a dark green color. It is called “meconium”. After 2?
It will be discharged within 3 days.
Breast-fed newborns generally have golden yellow, thinner stools, and row about 6 times a day; artificial or mixed replacements have slightly dry stools, darker colors, and reduced relative frequency.
Note that if there are yellow particles in the stool, it may be a digestive problem for the newborn. At this time, if it is breast milk replacement, the mother should reduce the amount of oil injected. The diet is slightly lighter, but lighter does not mean that it is vegetarian. It is just less salt andSpicy substance; if it is artificial or mixed with additives, it may be related to the concentration of milk powder, and it should be adjusted according to the matching standard in the manual.
But if there are too many particles, you should go to the hospital for treatment.
Vaccination newborns can be injected with BCG vaccine (prevention of tuberculosis) and hepatitis B vaccine within 6 hours after birth. Preterm infants, dystocia, congenital malformations, fever, diarrhea and severe eczema are not vaccinated for the time being.
If the baby’s parents have hepatitis B, the baby should be intramuscularly injected with hepatitis B vaccine within one day after birth, or other measures should be added.
Hepatitis B vaccine will be re-injected intramuscularly at one month and six months later to achieve preventive immune effect against hepatitis B.
About one and a half months, the newborns who received the hepatitis B vaccine had no abnormal reactions. The newborns implanted with the BCG vaccine may have redness, swelling, sclerosis, and suppuration in the left arm. Parents do not need to take it because suppuration is a successful manifestation of the immune effect.Abrasion. In case of breakage or excessive pus while bathing or dressing, go to the hospital for treatment.
In addition, we must pay attention to the physical health of family members, especially family members who have more contact with children, whether they are healthy or not, and the health of the baby.
People with tuberculosis, hepatitis, dysentery and other infectious diseases should pay attention to isolation and should not contact the baby to avoid transmission.